When the 18th Amendment to the Constitution took effect on January 17, 1920, New England’s taverns suddenly became speakeasies.
Law enforcement couldn’t keep up with the new law, honored more in the breach than the observance. Many old New England homes, drugstores, restaurants and shops turned into speakeasies, making beer and liquor easy to find.
You could get alcohol on the sly in hotel basements, in curtained restaurant nooks, in bars that straddled the Canadian border and in commercial buildings turned speakeasies.
Here are six former speakeasies in New England you can now visit – and in five of them, you can order a cocktail. Legally.
TK’s American Café, Danbury, Conn.
Connecticut did not ratify the 18th Amendment, and it didn’t take long to realize how many people flouted it. People could easily get booze from rumrunners or stills within the state. By October 1921, the state Prohibition director estimated Connecticut had 1,500 speakeasies, with 400 in New Haven alone.
Speakeasies flourished in Danbury as well. TK’s American Cafe, originally a car dealership in 1928, became a speakeasy. With the repeal of the Volstead Act, it became the Hat City’s first legitimate bar. Called Bennie Pane’s Stone Bar, it morphed into Pane's Restaurant in 1937 and served pizza for the first time in Connecticut. In 1948 it changed hands, and would change hands again and again.
Tom Kennedy opened the old speakeasy as a sports bar in 1990, and struggled to keep it afloat until he offered 10-cent wings on Tuesday nights. Patrons say it hasn’t changed much – except for the televisions – since Bennie Pane owned it.
T.K.'s American Cafe, 255 White St., Danbury.
Since Maine was the first state to outlaw alcohol, Mainers were the first to flout the ban. The rest of the country didn’t learn from Maine's experience that banning booze drove drinking underground and promoted crime.
Taverns turned into speakeasies, bootleggers smuggled spirits over the Canadian border and rum runners brought them in by sea. Immigrants made and sold alcohol from their kitchens, and farmers made it from secret stills.
The Old Port District, then as now, was a haven for the thirsty public. The Congress Street bar now known as Bramhall was a Portland sanctuary favored by scofflaws during the wild days of Prohibition.
It is a dim, brick-lined stone vault with little natural light. For years it was a basement pub under The Roma Café, now defunct. Bramhall has been refurbished and reopened as a modern speakeasy with a reasonably priced menu.
Bramhall, 769 Congress St., Portland
Hotel Vernon, Worcester, Mass.
On the eve of Prohibition, Jan. 15, 1920, Worcester celebrated the death of John Barleycorn with raucous partying. Celebrants jammed saloons and hosted parties in hundreds of homes. Most establishments stopped serving liquor at midnight if they hadn’t run out already.
But the party kept going surreptitiously throughout the city, including and especially at the Hotel Vernon on Kelley Square. Two brothers owned it, Frank “Bossy” McGady, a state trooper, and Beaven McGady.
Down a long wooden staircase the hotel served liquor at its hideaway speakeasy, where no one ever got caught. There was a secret entrance, and “Madame Rhubarb” was the password to get through it. Babe Ruth often stopped in for a drink or two.
Just after the end of Prohibition, an artist painted around the hotel bar a mural based on Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s poem “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.” A backroom was added, decorated like a schooner galley and named “The Kelley Square Yacht Club.” Henry Mancini and Burl Ives visited during the ‘40s and ‘50s, and reservations were sometimes needed two weeks in advance. (A tour of the Hotel Vernon was taped in 2010; watch it here.)
The construction of I-290 transformed the neighborhood, not for the better. The Hotel Vernon became a residential hotel and dive bar. Today you can get $1 drafts, free peanuts and a tour of the speakeasy in the basement if the bartender isn’t too busy.
Hotel Vernon, 1 Millbury St., Worcester.
The Cave, Bretton Woods, N.H.
Liquor was still legal in Canada and times were hard in Northern New England during Prohibition. People therefore had a strong incentive to smuggle alcohol. Bootleggers brought in illegal booze from Canada along the dark, unguarded wooded roads crossing the border into New Hampshire, Vermont and Maine.
Boston’s elite enjoyed surreptitious cocktails in The Cave, a subterranean vault in the cellar of the Mount Washington Hotel, which famously hosted the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944. Patrons drank booze out of teacups. According to legend, Joseph P. Kennedy sold bootleg liquor to the hotel, now known as the Omni Mount Washington Resort.
The Cave was originally set up as squash courts. During Prohibition, the hotel turned them into a speakeasy with a pull-down false ceiling. In the event of a raid, an alarm sounded, the booze would be stuffed in the ceiling and a game of squash would hurriedly start.
Mount Washington Hotel, 310 Mount Washington Rd., Bretton Woods, N.H.
Camille’s Roman Garden, Providence
Camille’s Roman Garden opened the year before Prohibition as Marconi’s, after the inventor of the wireless. It spent its first five years on Atwells Avenue. Then it moved around the corner to a 19th century mansion on Bradford Street near the entrance to Federal Hill.
Rhode Island, like Connecticut, didn’t ratify the 18th Amendment, and, like the rest of New England, it pretty much ignored the ban on spirits. Camille’s put curtains on the private alcoves that ring the dining area. Behind those curtains, patrons drank booze made in the cellar out of coffee cups.
Camille's has the distinction as the oldest continuously operated restaurant in Rhode Island and the second-oldest family-owned restaurant in the United States.
Frank Sinatra especially liked Camille’s Italian wedding soup, and once burped on stage in Providence. He then said, “"Excuse me, but I just had the most wonderful food at Camille's Roman Garden.”
Camille’s is now an Italian restaurant serving seafood. The owner sold it in 2001, and expected the buyer to demolish it. Instead, the buyer renovated Camille’s and now serves fine Italian food.
Camille’s at 71 Bradford St., Providence, R.I.
Canaan Line House, Canaan, Vt.
Vermont never went dry, it went damp. Rumrunners routinely supplied booze from Lake Champlain and from over the Canadian border.
It used to take an hour to get through St. Albans because so many people were drinking in restaurants, which either had booze in the back room or advised patrons where they could get it. Traffic routinely jammed up because of bootleggers and people seeking a good time at the line houses.
Queen Lill’s Bucket of Blood in Richford was just one of the many line houses that dotted the Canadian border. The line houses straddled the border between Vermont and Quebec, often with a front door in Vermont and a bar in Quebec.
One of the most well known was the Canaan Line House, on the border between Canaan and Saint-Herménégilde, Quebec. Today it’s known as the Canaan-Hereford Road Border Crossing. The abandoned remains of the old Canaan Line House sit between the Canadian and U.S. Customs stations.
You may also be interested in this story about Prohibition here. This story about speakeasies was updated in 2018.