She mentored Elizabeth Cady Stanton, lectured widely and raised money to eliminate slavery, organized the Seneca Falls Convention and helped incorporate Swarthmore College. She was a pacifist commemorated by a sculpture in Syracuse, N.Y., by another pacifist, Pablo Picasso.
Nantucket women had to be independent as their husbands spent years at sea. Lucretia Mott’s mother kept a small store, and traveled to the mainland to trade oil, whalebone and candles for dry goods and groceries. Acting like a man in that way wasn’t unusual for Nantucket Quaker women. Quakers also gave girls the same education as boys and allowed them to become ministers – which is exactly what Lucretia Mott did at 28.
Early on, Lucretia Mott had a problem with authority. When she was a child, her grandmother told her she couldn’t go on a hayride because she’d misbehaved. Lucretia Mott talked about the incident 40 years later. More importantly, she resisted the authority of the Quaker elders who didn’t mind women’s independence but weren’t so keen on women’s equality.
The whaling industry influenced her in another way: The Nantucket Quakers not only tolerated but employed Wampanoag Indians and African-Americans as crews on whaling ships. The Nantucket Society of Friends was the first in America to oppose slavery.
When she was four years old, Lucretia Mott was shown at school a British abolitionist’s diagram of the 482 slaves packed aboard the Brookes on their voyage from Africa to Jamaica. It was something else she told her children and grandchildren. She also renounced the use of products made by slaves, such as cotton, sugar and indigo dye – something she was taught in school.
Mott left Nantucket at age 11 to attend a Quaker boarding school in Dutchess County, N.Y. Becoming a teacher inspired her interest in women’s rights, as she found out men were making three times as much as she did.
Lucretia Mott would move with her family to Philadelphia, marry James Mott and become a Quaker minister. But as Elizabeth Cady Stanton later said, her 11 years on Nantucket were central to the public activism that would make her one of the most famous women in America.
With thanks to Lucretia Mott’s Heresy: Abolition and Women’s Rights in Nineteenth-Century by Carol Faulkner.