Religion and Social Movements

The Puritan Tithingman – The Most Powerful Man in New England

In November of 1789, George Washington was passing through Connecticut on his return from his tour of New England. A man stepped out of his house and ordered him to stop. The man demanded he explain why he traveled on a Sunday.

Who was this audacious person who dared interrupt the President's journey?

It was the Tithingman.

tithingman

Tithingman illustration from The Child's World, Third Reader, Hetty S. Browne

According to the story, rough roads slowed Washington’s travel. He had to  proceed on Sunday to reach the town where he intended to spend the Sabbath Day. Only after he explained this did the tithingman allow him to  proceed.

In his account of the trip, Washington himself did not verify the story, attributed to the newspaper Columbian Centinel. But the tithingman was definitely very real. Enforcing the prohibition against traveling on a Sunday was just one of his jobs.

The Tithingman

Washington’s journal notes that enforcement of the state’s blue laws did delay his journey through Connecticut. Those laws prohibited just about any activity on a Sunday other than attending church.

Washington’s journal entry for November 8, 1789 reads: “It being contrary to Law & disagreeable to the People of this State (Connecticut) to travel on the Sabbath day and my horses after passing through such intolerable Roads wanting rest, I stayed at Perkins’s Tavern (which by the bye is not a good one) all day—and a meeting House being with in a few rod of the Door, I attended Morning & evening Service, and heard very lame discourses from a Mr. Pond.”

The job of the tithingman, which dates back to the earliest days of the New England colonies, went beyond policing people who were supposed to be in church. A key responsibility was keeping order in church during the long (and sometimes tedious) services.

To assist him in his duties, many tithingmen were given a long staff. One end was rounded or sharp and on the other a soft implement was attached, such as a feathery deer tail or rabbit’s foot. When the tithingman spotted an unruly child acting up, he would get a rap on the head with the hard end. Similarly, a man nodding off during the service might would get a pop on the head to wake him.

Getting Poked

Women who dozed off got a tickle with the other end of the pole and a harder poke if that failed to wake them. Women often got away with a little nap during church because the bonnets or hats they sometimes wore blocked the tithingman’s view of their faces.

Alice Morse Earle, in her book The Sabbath in Puritan New England, tells how most ministers encouraged the tithingman to be vigilant, as they disliked seeing people sleeping in the pews. The tithingman often had plenty to do, especially as the services dragged on. Since many New Englanders spent most of their time working, some took the notion of a day of rest literally.

The wisest course was to simply apologize when the tithingman corrected your behavior. That's because they often had the power to arrest someone or put them in the stocks if they were unruly.

Outside the church, the tithingmen also had to make sure children received the proper schooling in the Bible. They also had to keep on eye on the taverns to make sure people didn't get drunk. Most towns had several tithingmen to enforce the Puritans' rules, which they took very seriously.

But perhaps the most important duty of the tithingman was to see that people were paying their proper share in contributions to the church.

If you enjoyed this story, you might also like this one about weird Puritan punishments here. This story was updated in 2018.

13 Comments

13 Comments

  1. Diane Tufts

    Diane Tufts

    February 20, 2015 at 8:29 am

    My husband’s 8x great grandfather was one in Medford/Malden in the 1700s. (Peter Tufts)

  2. Sara Doherty

    Sara Doherty

    February 20, 2015 at 10:36 am

    I had one in Woburn, Jonathan Thompson.

  3. Virginia Hill

    Virginia Hill

    February 21, 2015 at 5:57 am

    Would that be something like “the taxman” (but for the church? Love that old English word “tithe”/”tithing”. But never heard of “the tithing man” before. Interesting how contemporary American English retains some classic old English which we have lost in the UK (eg. “gotten”).

  4. Michael Fabrikarakis

    Michael Fabrikarakis

    February 21, 2015 at 8:04 pm

    interesting

  5. Molly

    February 22, 2015 at 10:54 am

    I had never heard of this. Interesting.

  6. Sam Stone

    February 26, 2015 at 1:59 pm

    That was interesting. I had heard they had someone in the churches with a long pole to wake the sleeping but never realized their duties were much more far reaching. I wonder how that worked in rural Maine.

  7. mperry48

    February 27, 2015 at 1:51 pm

    Do these Tithingmen remind anyone of the religious police of Saudia Arabia, or perhaps a slightly less homicidal version of the Taliban?

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