The New Hampshire accent started with the English colonists who first arrived in North America. They brought with them speech patterns from Elizabethan London and part rural speech from Yorkshire and Lancashire.
That evolved into the New Hampshire accent, as well as the Boston accent, the Providence accent, the Northern, Eastern and Western New England accent -- and so forth. The local accents are accompanied by local slang, though the word ‘wicked’ (as in ‘wicked pissah’) seems to be ubiquitous throughout New England.
As late as the Great Depression, people in Seabrook, N.H., still spoke much the same way their forebears did hundreds of years earlier.
In 1938, the Federal Writers Project WPA Guide to New Hampshire described Seabrook, where generations had lived:
... a village, Old World in appearance and atmosphere, set in the midst of sand-dunes, with cocks of salt hay scattered over them, an unchanged landscape of three centuries ago…A section of the town of Seabrook speaks a language strangely reminiscent of rural England, and at times suggestive of the Yorkshire dialect.
New Hampshire Accent
The New Hampshire accent shares characteristics of Massachusetts, Maine and sometimes Vermont accents. It’s less pronounced in the southern tier of the state because of all the Massholes who moved there.
Of the four states, New Hampshire is uniquely allergic to the letter ‘r.’ "It is only in New Hampshire where vocalized /r/ falls to very low levels," wrote linguist William Labov.
Words don’t end in ‘r,’ but in ‘ah.’ ‘New Hampshire’ is actually pronounced N’Hampshah, and its capital is KON-k’d. Woe to the presidential wannabe who claims to be glad to be back in Con-cord during the First in the Nation Presidential Primary.
A key line of demarcation in New Hampshire is Franconia Notch, where the Old Man of the Mountain – known simply as the ‘Old Man’ – used to live until he collapsed in 2003. If you live north of the Notch (called a ‘pass’ or a ‘gap’ elsewhere), you say people who live south of the Notch come from ‘Down Below.’ You live ‘Up Above.’
R-lessness and Ahs
Words that end in ‘r’ but are preceded by an ‘e,’ ‘I’ or ‘o’ get a ‘y’ inserted. So it’s ‘doh-wah,’ not ‘door,’ ‘theyah,’ not ‘there’ and ‘deeyah,’ not ‘dear.’
To confuse matters, words that originally end in ‘ah’ are pronounced ‘r.’ ‘Linda’ becomes ‘Linder’ and ‘idea’ becomes ‘idear.’ Americer is north of Cuber, which is south of Florider. So many snowbirds go to Florider that John Durkin, a candidate from Franklin, N.H., campaigned for U.S. Senate there back in the 1970s.
The broad ‘a’ is another feature of the New Hampshire accent. It’s heard in words like aunt, father, laugh, half and can’t.
It’s also typically heard in ‘ar’ words like car. So “Pahk the cah in Hahvahd Yahd” is how a New Hampshire native would tell you where to deposit your vehicle in Cambridge, Mass.
New Hampshire has its own unique words, shared with other Eastern and Northern New Englanders. A soda is a soft drink, a brook is a creek and a sneaker is an athletic shoe that used to be made in Berlin (pronounced BER-lin) before the factory moved to Chiner.
You can fish for hornpout in New Hampshire during mud season, but you probably want to stay indoors during black fly season. Hamburg is what you eat on a bulkie roll with a side of French fries and a frappe.
Audiobook narrator Matt Haynes studied the New Hampshire accent in case he had to narrate a book with a character from New Hampshire. He found some further refinements based on the sound going toward the lower molars. (In Maine they go to the higher molars)
- ‘Or’ becomes ‘ou,’ so ‘ignore’ becomes ‘ignou,’
- ‘Er’ becomes ‘eh,’ so ‘world’ becomes ‘wehld,’
- ‘S’ becomes almost an ‘sh;’ so ‘it looks like rain’ becomes ‘it looksh like rain,’
- Final vowels tend to be deadened, so ‘–ing’ become ‘-in.’
To listen to a real New Hampshire accent, click here.
The New England Historical Society will explore other New England accents in future stories.
Image of New Hampshire in Autumn By Someone35 - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15702944