New Hampshire

The Wilton Meetinghouse Collapse of 1773

Wilton today

Wilton Meetinghouse and surrounding town todayThe festive raising of the Wilton meetinghouse turned to tragedy in 1773 when a worm-eaten support post gave way. All 53 of the men working on the roof beams fell 27 feet among axes, planks, hammers and crowbars.

The Essex Gazette of Salem called it 'the most melancholy Accident...that perhaps has been known in the Country."

Three were killed instantly, two died shortly thereafter, two were paralyzed for life and nearly all were crippled or mangled in some way.

A Wilton Meetinghouse

As the American Revolution loomed in 1773, Wilton, N.H., was a frontier town along the Massachusetts border. It had been chartered as "Salem-Canada" in 1735 and granted to soldiers from Salem, Mass., who had served in 1690 under Sir William Phips in the first of the French and Indian wars.

New Hampshire Gov. Benning Wentworth regranted the land in 1749, and in 1762 it was incorporated as Wilton.

By 1773, the population of the town reached 580 people. It was big enough and prosperous enough to build a meetinghouse, where people from the scattered farms could gather.

Ephraim Baker, a master builder, was selected to direct the raising of the Wilton meetinghouse, and 120 men from Wilton and nearby communities volunteered to raise the building. Those who pitched in got a reduction in their property tax.

By Sept. 7, 1775, the sides of the Wilton meetinghouse were all up, and so was a temporary center roof beam. The roof would be raised that day. It would be a spectacle, as families would come from miles around to watch it.

Party Planned

The town voted to provide refreshments: a barrel of West India rum, five barrels of New England rum, a barrel of brown sugar, half a box of lemons and two loaves of sugar. Huge amounts of food were provided for workers and the men, women and children who came on foot and on horseback from neighboring towns.

Timbers were prepared, orders given, men went to work as onlookers enjoyed the show.

The workmen were swarming along the planks that rested on the center beam when a spectator, John Bradford, noticed the middle beam was not properly supported. A post holding it up was worm-eaten and beginning to buckle. Bradford climbed the roof and warned Ephraim Baker, the master workman.

Baker replied he should go home if he was afraid. Bradford climbed down and started to head for home.

Suddenly he heard a crash. The sound rang in his ears for years after.

Tragedy

The men were raising up the beams and rafters when the frame of the Wilton meetinghouse began to tremble. Men shrank back, the building rocked and suddenly timbers and tools and men collapsed together in a mangled heap.

The Essex Gazette tried to describe the scene:

Upwards of 50 Persons fell to the bottom of the House with the Timber, Boards, Bars, Axes, &c. and exhibited a Scene to the astonish'd Spectators around the House ... which can't be describ'd; and could only be equalled by the Blood and Brains, Shrieks and Groans of the dead and wounded, which were immediately seen and heard...of fifty three that fell now one escap'd without broken Bones, terrible Bruises or Wounds from the Axes, &c. And as they were Men pick'd from that and the neighbouring Towns, and many of them heads of Families, the News of their Catastrophe filled those Places with Weeping, Lamentation and Woe, and my fitly mind us all that "Man knoweth not his time.

A few days later , work began anew on the meetinghouse, which was dedicated in January 1775. That building burned down, and the center of town was moved to a more fortuitous location.

A ballad of 43 stanzas was written to commemorate the Wilton meetinghouse tragedy. It begins,

Attention give and you shall hear
A melancholy theme
Tis such an instance as there is
But very seldom seen

In seventeen hundred seventy three
September seventh day
At Wilton did Almity God
His anger there Display

Photo of Wilton today: By Ken Gallager at en.wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17976398

This story was updated in 2017. 

3 Comments

3 Comments

  1. Eric Stanway

    September 15, 2016 at 9:41 am

    I wrote about this in my book, “Haunted Hillsborough County.”

  2. Pingback: Wilton Meetinghouse Tragedy – Duty in the Cause of Liberty

  3. Pingback: When Pickwick Club Collapse Killed 44 in Boston; the Charleston Took the Blame - New England Historical Society

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