Science and Nature

Champ, the Lake Champlain Lake Monster

Champ, North America’s answer to the Loch Ness monster, has long been a legend around Lake Champlain. He (or she) has spawned Indian legends, a baseball team mascot, offers of reward money, paranormal investigations,  keychains, mugs and T-shirts . Champ has even inspired seafood patties on sesame-seed buns called “Champburgers.”

Artistic representation of Sandra Mansi's 1977 photograph of "Champ" monster. Illustration by Benjamin Radford.

Artistic representation of Sandra Mansi’s 1977 photograph of “Champ.” Illustration by Benjamin Radford.

More than 300 sightings have been reported over the years, and they’ve attracted the attention of serious people. In 1827, the eminent Yale scientist Benjamin Silliman said he was open to the possibility that a lake monster existed.

P.T. Barnum recognized the commercial potential of Champ. In 1873 and 1887, he offered the enormous sum of $20,000 to anyone who could capture the monster dead or alive.

But Barnum never had to pay up, and Silliman never had to put his reputation on the line. Though many believe in Champ’s existence, it’s unlikely the lake monster exists outside of the collective imagination.

Notes on Champ

Before the Europeans arrived, the Iroquois and Abenaki Indians described a lake monster that lurked in lakes and eats humans. The Abenaki called it Tatoskok or Gitaskog.

Samuel de Champlain was said to have seen Champ in 1609, but that story came from a made-up quote in Vermont Life magazine in 1970.

Lake Champlain

There was an early sighting in 1819, when a captain aboard a scow near Port Henry, N.Y., saw a ‘black monster’ in the water. He thought it was more than 180 feet long and had eyes like peeled onions.

Then in 1870, steamboat passengers said they saw Champ. That led to more sightings by steamboat passengers. In 1871, they said they saw a head and long neck in Horseshoe Bay. Two years later, steamboat passengers spotted Champ in Dresden, N.Y.

Sightings then continued into the 20th century. In 1945, passengers aboard the SS Ticonderoga saw Champ swimming in the middle of the lake.

What Could It Be?

Some think Champ, like the Loch Ness monster, is a relative of the plesiosaur, an extinct marine reptile. It had a small head, long neck, turtle-like body, short tail and two pairs of paddles.

Others think it could be a zeuglodon (or Basilosaurus), an extinct prehistoric whale.  Champ’s ancestors may have lurked in the Iapetus Ocean 500 million years before the Atlantic Ocean was formed.

In 1977, a woman named Sandra Mansi took a photo verified as authentic of something. It looked very much like Champ. A professional debunker named Joe Nickell pointed out the photo was taken of something in 14 feet of water, unlikely to contain a giant lake monster.

Champ mascot

Champ mascot

In 2005, two upstate New York fishermen named Dick Affolter and his stepson Pete Bodette took a video of something strange in Lake Champlain. Bodette said, “What we saw always stayed right on the surface, and parts of it would come above the water, the back or the nose or the head.” The video only showed something under the surface, but it appeared on ABC News.

Joe Nickel had already investigated the monster’s existence in 2003. He concluded that Champ believers were arguing from ignorance. “We don’t know what these people saw; therefore, it must have been Champ,” he asid.

“One cannot draw a conclusion from a lack of knowledge,” wrote Nickell. “And so, until an actual specimen presents itself, the possibility that any large, unknown animal inhabits Lake Champlain remains somewhere between extraordinarily slim and none.”

Images: Mansi image representation: By BRad06 – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, This story was updated in 2022. Lake Champlain By Hbbrown18 – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

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