Business and Labor

Ezekiel Straw, The Good Boss

Ezekiel Straw, born on Dec. 30, 1819, in Salisbury, N.H., 194 years ago, was an unusual mill agent – unusual in a good way. He was popular with the workers.

Ezekiel Straw

Ezekiel Straw

Straw’s family moved to Lowell, Mass., when he was a young boy, as his father went to work for the Appleton Manufacturing Co. After studying mathematics at Phillips Andover Academy, Ezekiel Straw got a temporary job as a substitute for an ill civil engineer at the Amoskeag Manufacturing Co. in Manchester, N.H. It was the summer of 1838, and he was 18 years old. Not only would the job become permanent, but Ezekiel, his son and grandson would become much-admired agents, or general managers, of the Amoskeag mills. There were only six agents in Amoskeag’s entire history.

In the early days, the New England mill owners cared about the well-being of their work force, young men and women from the farms of New Hampshire and Vermont. So did Straw, their employee. “He set the pattern for corporate paternalism,” wrote Tamara K. Hareven in her book Amoskeag. He laid out lots and streets for the new mill city, which included company-owned housing, schools, parks and the city library. Straw also helped build Manchester’s dams and canals and establish the New Hampshire Fire Insurance Co.

He was named agent of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Co. in 1851 at the age of 32. He would be credited with the company’s success. Straw generously credited others.

When the Civil War broke out, most of Manchester’s textile mills shut down because cotton wasn’t available. Ezekiel Straw kept the Machine Shop running so at least some of the employees had money coming in. He replaced mechanics who went to war with older workers who wouldn’t be called up.

After the war he traveled to England and Scotland to figure out the machinery and methods to make gingham fabric, which Amoskeag introduced to the United States. Previously, Amoskeag made coarse cloth like denim and flannel, but Straw wanted to produce a more profitable textile. He was aided by expert Scottish dyer masters and weavers, who he brought to Manchester. By the turn of the century, gingham was the Amoskeag’s biggest selling product, providing employment for thousands of people. Straw would say that bringing James Reid from Glasgow to oversee dye operations was the reason for Amoskeag’s success in producing gingham.

Ezekiel Straw would run for state representative as a Republican in 1859 and go on to become a two-term governor of New Hampshire.  He was considered a first citizen of Manchester and even left his mark on the Seacoast. In 1872, he built the first summer house on an outcropping of land north of Rye Beach known as Lock Point, according to Cow Hampshire. Straw held a ‘Great Clambake’ in honor of his sister-in-law in September 1871, and it was called ‘Straw’s Point’ forever afterward.

Employees liked to tell stories about Ezekiel Straw, and this one was a favorite:  During the 1860 presidential campaign, Straw gave Abraham Lincoln a tour of an Amoskeag mill. He introduced the candidate to the workers. One of the mill workers hesitated to shake his hand, saying it was dirty from his work. “Young man,” said Lincoln, ““the “the hand of honest toil is never too grimy for Abe Lincoln to grasp.”

Amoskeag millyard, 1911

Amoskeag millyard, 1911

To Top