The Legend of the Israel Putnam Wolf Den

Gen. Israel Putnam famously left his plow in the ground when he heard about the battle of Lexington and immediately rode the 100 miles from his farm in Brooklyn, Conn., to Cambridge. He told a farmhand to tell his wife where he was going.

Israel Putnam

Israel Putnam

Known as Old Put, he was one of the most interesting and vigorous characters of the American Revolution. He was a reckless fighter who survived a shipwreck in Cuba, galloped down a rocky cliff to escape the British and risked his life to save a burning powder magazine. During the French and Indian War he served as a Rogers’ Ranger. Mohawk Indians captured him and came close to burning him alive until it rained and a French officer intervened.

Israel Putnam was born on Jan. 7, 1718 in what is now Danvers, Mass., and moved to Pomfret, Conn., when he was 22.  According to legend, Israel Putnam killed Connecticut’s last wolf in 1742.

Putnam had a substantial home by then, cleared fields and a flock of sheep. Year after year, a she-wolf attacked his and his neighbors’ flock. Finally, Putnam and his neighbors got together and decided to pursue the wolf until she was dead.

They spotted her one winter night and followed her to a stream six miles away. Then she turned and entered the cave. The men set up a guard, gathered a crowd of men and boys with guns and dogs and lit a fire at the mouth of the cave.

Hours passed and the wolf remained inside. Finally, Israel Putnam persuaded his neighbors to let him go into the cave with a torch. They tied a rope around his ankle and prepared to pull him out when he kicked.

The Israel Putnam Wolf Den

The Israel Putnam Wolf Den

The den’s narrow passageway sloped down fifteen feet, then ran horizontally about 10 feet more and rose gradually 16 feet. He crawled into the cave – you couldn’t stand up in it — and saw the she-wolf’s eyeballs three yards away from him. He kicked the rope, and was dragged out so quickly he lost his shirt. Putnam then crawled back into the cave with a gun and shot the wolf. His neighbors dragged him out again, nearly overcome by smoke. He revived and crawled back into the cave a third time, where he found the dead wolf, seized her by the ears and kicked the rope. The dead wolf and the live young farmer were dragged out together. The story was told many times during Putnam’s military career.

Putnam’s Wolf Den is on the National Register of Historic Places, and can be found in Mashamoquet Brook State Park.

At the turn of the 20th century, author Clifton Johnson visited Old Put’s old stomping grounds in Pomfret. In his 1915 book Highways & Byways of New England, Johnson tells of visiting the Wolf Den and of meeting an old New Englander.

“We had that plough of Putnam’s on exhibition here once,” said the old man. “And by gosh! When I saw it I didn’t blame Putnam for leaving it in the field. It was nothing but a crooked stick shod with iron, and I’ll be darned if I’d put it in the barn if it was mine.”




  1. Luhvin Snow

    January 7, 2014 at 9:24 pm

    Not bad looking for 296!

  2. Dalmatian90

    January 7, 2014 at 10:09 pm

    His ride was even more remarkable — he first rode to Lebanon, CT to meet with Gov. Trumbull at the War Office, before returning to Brooklyn and heading to Cambridge — by modern roads, that would be about 150 miles.

    That would be an exceptional amount of horse back riding for a 57 year old man in the course of 24 hours or so today!

    Putnam’s ride is not, however, unique. The much younger Henry Knox rode at a similar pace to Ticonderoga, though it took him far, far longer to return with the cannons he took custody of there.

    I also must believe there was some sort of relay of horses, or horses readily for hire at taverns — 150 miles in 24 hours would’ve exceeded expectations for top-notch cavalry mounts in the Civil War which was near the height of horse-powered warfare, and often with better roads — the Revolutionary era was before turnpikes and plank or corduroy roads would have been common I’ve never seen this discussed in history books of the Revolution before.

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